Technical Support

Melting Technology

Melting technology

Parizvino, kunyungudutswa kwezvigadzirwa zvemhangura kunowanzo tora induction yekunyungudutsa choto, uye zvakare kunotora reverberatory kunyungudutsa kwechoto kunyungudutsa uye kunyungudutsa shaft yevira.

Induction furnace smelting inokodzera marudzi ese emhangura nemhangura alloys, uye ine hunhu hwekunyungudika kwakachena uye kuve nechokwadi chemhando yekunyungudika.Zvinoenderana nechimiro chechoto, mabindu ekupinza akakamurwa kuita core induction furnaces uye coreless induction furnaces.Iyo cored induction furnace ine hunhu hwemhando yepamusoro yekugadzira uye yakanyanya kupisa kunyatsoshanda, uye inokodzera kuenderera kunyungudika kwemhando imwe chete yemhangura nemhangura alloys, senge tsvuku mhangura nendarira.Iyo coreless induction furnace ine hunhu hwekukurumidza kupisa kumhanya uye nyore kutsiva kwemhando dzealloy.Inokodzera kunyungudutsa mhangura nemhangura alloys ine yakakwira melting point uye dzakasiyana siyana, senge bronze uye cupronickel.

Vacuum induction furnace induction furnace ine vacuum system, yakakodzera kunyungudutsa mhangura nemhangura alloys zviri nyore kufemesa uye oxidize, senge oxygen-isina mhangura, beryllium bronze, zirconium bronze, magnesium bronze, nezvimwe zvemagetsi vacuum.

Reverberatory furnace smelting inogona kunatsa uye kubvisa tsvina kubva mukunyunguduka, uye inonyanya kushandiswa mukunyungudutswa kwendarira yakaraswa.Iyo shaft choto imhando yekukurumidza kuenderera kunyunguduka choto, iyo ine zvakanakira yekukwirira kwemafuta kunyatsoshanda, yakanyanya kunyungudika, uye nyore kudzima kwevira.Inogona kudzorwa;hapana nzira yekunatsa, saka huwandu hukuru hwezvigadzirwa zvinodiwa kuti ive cathode mhangura.Shaft furnaces dzinowanzo shandiswa neinoenderera mberi yekukanda michina yekuramba ichikanda, uye inogona zvakare kushandiswa nekubata mavira kwehafu-inoenderera mberi kukanda.

Maitiro ekuvandudza tekinoroji yekugadzira mhangura inonyungudutsa inonyanya kuratidzwa mukudzikisa kupisa kwekurasikirwa kwezvinhu zvakabikwa, kuderedza oxidation uye inhalation yekunyunguduka, kuvandudza kunaka kwekunyunguduka, uye kutora hunyanzvi hwepamusoro (chiyero chekunyungudika kwechoto chemukati chakakura. kupfuura 10 t / h), hukuru-hukuru (kusimba kwechoto chekupinza kunogona kuva kwakakura kudarika 35 t / set), hupenyu hurefu (hupenyu hwemachira ndeye 1 kusvika kumakore maviri) uye kuchengetedza simba (kushandiswa kwesimba kweiyo induction choto chiri pasi pe360 kW h/t), choto chekubata chine mudziyo wekubvisa gasi (CO gas degassing), uye choto chekupinza Iyo sensor inotora chimiro chespray, iyo yemagetsi yekudzora midziyo inotora bidirectional thyristor plus frequency inoshandura magetsi, iyo firnace preheating, mamiriro echoto uye refractory tembiricha yekutarisa uye alarm system, choto chekubata chine huremu mudziyo, uye tembiricha kutonga kwakanyatso.

Zvishandiso zvekugadzira - Slitting Line

Kugadzirwa kwemhangura tambo yekutsemura mutsara unoramba uchitsemura uye kucheka tambo yekugadzira inokudza iyo coil yakafara kuburikidza neuncoiler, inocheka coil muhupamhi hunodiwa kuburikidza nemuchina wekutsemura, uye woidzosera kuita makoiri akati wandei kuburikidza nemhepo. (Storage Rack) Shandisa crane kuchengeta mipumburu pane yekuchengetera rack

(Kutakura mota) Shandisa trolley yekudyisa kuisa nemaoko roll yemidziyo padhiramu rekuvhura uye worisimbisa.

(Uncoiler uye anti-loosening pressure roller) Sunungura coil nerubatsiro rwegwaro rekuvhura uye rekumanikidza roller.

Production equipment - slitting line

(NO · 1 looper uye swing bridge) kuchengetedza uye buffer

(Edge giidhi uye pinch roller mudziyo) Vertical roller inotungamira shiti mupinch rollers kudzivirira kutsauka, gidhidhi rakamira rakamira rakafara nekumira zvinochinjika.

(Slitting muchina) pinda muchina wekutsemura wekuisa nekutsemura

(Kurumidza-chinja chigaro cherotary) Turusi boka kuchinjanisa

(Chishandiso chekupeta mhepo) Cheka zvimedu
↓(Tafura yegwara rekubuda kunze uye coil tail stopper) Sungisa NO.2 looper

(swing zambuko uye NO.2 looper) zvinhu kuchengetedza uye kubviswa ukobvu musiyano

(Tension plate tension uye mhepo yekuwedzera shaft yekuparadzanisa mudziyo) inopa simba rekumanikidzana, ndiro uye kupatsanurwa kwebhandi.

(Slitting shear, chidhiraivho chekuyeresa kureba uye tafura yekutungamira) kureba kuyera, coil yakatarwa-kureba segmentation, tepi tambo yekutungamira

(winder, kupatsanura mudziyo, push plate mudziyo) mutsetse wekuparadzanisa, kukoira

(rori yekuburutsa, kurongedza) tepi yemhangura kuburitsa uye kurongedza

Hot Rolling Technology

Kupisa kutenderedza kunonyanya kushandiswa billet rolling yeingots yepepa, mitsetse uye foil kugadzira.

Hot rolling technology

Ingot mataurirwo ebillet rolling anofanirwa kufunga nezvezvinhu zvakaita semhando yechigadzirwa, chiyero chekugadzira, nzira yekukanda, nezvimwewo, uye zvine chekuita nemamiriro emidziyo yekumonereka (sekuvhura roll, dhayamita yeromburu, kutenderedzwa kutenderedzwa, simba remota, uye kureba kwetafura). , nezvimwewo.Kazhinji, chiyero chiri pakati pekukora kweingot uye dhayamita yemupumburu ndeye 1: (3.5 ~ 7): hupamhi hunowanzo kuenzana kana kanoverengeka pahupamhi hwechigadzirwa chakapedzwa, uye hupamhi nekuchekesa huwandu hunofanirwa kunge hwakaenzana. zvakafungwa.Kazhinji, hupamhi hwe slab hunofanira kuva 80% yehurefu hwemuviri we roll.Kureba kweingot kunofanirwa kutariswa zvine musoro maererano nemamiriro ekugadzira.Kazhinji, pasi pechifungidziro chekuti tembiricha yekupedzisira yekutenderedza inopisa inogona kudzorwa, iyo ingot yakareba, inokwirisa kugadzirwa kwakanaka uye goho.

Iyo ingot yakatarwa yezvidiki uye zvepakati-saizi mhangura michina yekugadzira kazhinji (60 ~ 150) mm × (220 ~ 450) mm × (2000 ~ 3200) mm, uye ingot huremu ndeye 1.5 ~ 3 t;iyo ingot inotsanangurwa yemidziyo mikuru yekugadzira mhangura Kazhinji, iri (150~250)mm×(630~1250)mm×(2400~8000)mm, uye huremu hweingot i4.5~20 t.

Munguva yekupisa kunopisa, kutonhora kwepamusoro pepumburu kunokwira zvakanyanya panguva iyo mupumburu unosangana nepamusoro-tembiricha yekutenderedza chidimbu.Kudzokorora kuwedzera kwekupisa uye kutonhora kunotonhora kunokonzera kuputika uye kuputika pamusoro pemupumburu.Naizvozvo, kutonhora nekuzora kunofanirwa kuitwa panguva yekupisa.Kazhinji, emulsion yemvura kana yakaderera inoshandiswa seyakatonhora uye yekuzora svikiro.Huwandu hwese hwekushanda hwekupisa kupisa hunowanzo 90% kusvika 95%.Ukobvu hwemutsetse unopisa-wakatenderedzwa kazhinji 9 kusvika 16 mm.Kugaya kwepamusoro kwemutsetse mushure mekupisa kunotenderedza kunogona kubvisa pamusoro peiyo oxide layer, chiyero chekupinda uye humwe hurema hwepamusoro hunogadzirwa panguva yekukanda, kupisa uye kupisa.Zvinoenderana nekuoma kwehurema hwepamusoro peiyo inopisa-yakatenderedzwa tambo uye zvinodikanwa zvemaitiro, iyo milling yedivi rega rega ndeye 0.25 kusvika 0.5 mm.

Zvigayo zvinopisa zvinotenderedza zvigayo zviviri-pamusoro kana zvina-pamusoro zvinotenderedza zvigayo.Nekuwedzerwa kweingot uye nekuenderera mberi kwekurebesa kwemutsetse kureba, chiyero chekutonga uye kushanda kwechigayo chinopisa chine maitiro ekuenderera mberi kwekuvandudza nekuvandudza, sekushandisa otomatiki ukobvu control, hydraulic beng rolls, kumberi nekumashure. vertical rolls, inotonhora chete inotonhorera isina kutonhora Rolling mudziyo mudziyo, TP roll (Taper Pis-ton Roll) korona yekutonga, online quenching (kudzima) mushure mekukunguruka, online coiling uye humwe hunyanzvi hwekuvandudza kufanana kweiyo mitsetse chimiro uye zvivakwa uye kuwana zvirinani. ndiro.

Sravana Sameeralu Serial 4th Casting Technology

Casting technology

Kukandwa kwemhangura nemhangura alloys anowanzo kupatsanurwa kuita: vertical semi-inoenderera kukanda, yakatwasuka yakazara inoenderera kukanda, yakachinjika inoenderera kukanda, kumusoro inoenderera kukanda uye humwe matekinoroji ekukanda.

A. Vertical Semi-continuous Casting
Vertical semi-inoramba ichikandwa ine hunhu hwemichina yakapusa uye inochinjika kugadzirwa, uye yakakodzera kukanda akasiyana akatenderera uye akafuratira ingots dzemhangura nemhangura alloys.Iyo yekufambisa modhi yewakamira semi-inoenderera mberi yekukanda muchina yakakamurwa kuita hydraulic, lead screw uye tambo yewaya.Nekuti iyo hydraulic transmission haina kugadzikana, yakashandiswa zvakanyanya.Iyo crystallizer inogona kuzunguzwa neakasiyana amplitudes uye ma frequency sezvinodiwa.Parizvino, iyo semi-inoenderera mberi yekukanda nzira inoshandiswa zvakanyanya mukugadzirwa kwemhangura nemhangura alloy ingots.

B. Vertical full Continuous Casting
Vertical yakazara inoenderera mberi ichikanda ine hunhu hwekubuda kukuru uye goho rakakura (rinenge 98%), rakakodzera hukuru-hukuru uye hunoramba huchigadzirwa hweingot nemhando imwe chete uye yakatarwa, uye iri kuve imwe yenzira huru dzekusarudza dzekunyungudika nekukanda. process pamitsetse yekugadzira yemhangura mikuru yemazuva ano.Iyo yakatwasuka izere inoenderera mberi yekukanda mold inotora isingabatane nelaser liquid level otomatiki kudzora.Muchina wekukanda kazhinji unotora hydraulic clamping, mechanic transmission, online mafuta-yakatonhorera yakaoma chip sawing uye chip kuunganidza, otomatiki kumaka, uye kurereka ingot.Chimiro chakaoma uye chiyero che automation chakakwira.

C. Horizontal Continuous Casting
Horizontal inoenderera mberi ichikanda inogona kuburitsa mabheti uye waya mabheti.
Strip horizontal inoramba ichikanda inogona kuburitsa copper uye copper alloy mitsetse ine ukobvu hwe14-20mm.Mitsetse iri muhukobvu uhwu inogona kunge yakananga kutonhora-yakakungurutswa isina inopisa kukungurutswa, saka inowanzoshandiswa kugadzira alloys yakaoma kupisa-roll (senge tin. Phosphor bronze, lead brass, etc.), inogonawo kugadzira ndarira, cupronickel uye yakaderera alloyed copper alloy strip.Zvichienderana nehupamhi hwetambo yekukanda, yakachinjika inoramba ichikanda inogona kukanda 1 kusvika 4 mitsetse panguva imwe chete.Inowanzo shandiswa yakachinjika inoramba ichikanda michina inogona kukanda mitsetse miviri panguva imwe chete, imwe neimwe iine hupamhi isingasviki 450 mm, kana kukanda tambo imwe ine hupamhi hwetambo ye650-900 mm.Iyo yakachinjika inoramba ichikanda tambo inowanzo tora nzira yekukanda yekudhonza-mira-reverse kusunda, uye kune periodic crystallization mitsetse pamusoro, iyo inofanirwa kubviswa nekugaya.Kune mienzaniso yemumba yemhangura yepamusoro-yepamusoro-soro inogona kugadzirwa nekudhirowa uye kukanda mitsetse yemabheti pasina kugaya.
Horizontal inoenderera mberi ichikanda chubhu, tsvimbo uye waya mabheti anogona kukanda 1 kusvika ku20 ingots panguva imwe chete zvichienderana neakasiyana alloys uye zvakatemwa.Kazhinji, dhayamita yebhawa kana waya isina chinhu i6 kusvika 400 mm, uye dhayamita rekunze rechubhu isina chinhu 25 kusvika 300 mm.Ukobvu hwemadziro ndeye 5-50 mm, uye kureba kweiyo ingot ndeye 20-300 mm.Zvakanakira iyo yakachinjika inoenderera yekukanda nzira ndeyekuti maitiro ipfupi, mutengo wekugadzira wakaderera, uye kugona kwekugadzira kwakakwira.Panguva imwecheteyo, iri zvakare inodiwa nzira yekugadzira yezvimwe zviwanikwa zvealloy zvine hurombo hunopisa hunoshanda.Munguva pfupi yapfuura, ndiyo nzira huru yekugadzira mabheti ezvigadzirwa zvemhangura zvinowanzoshandiswa zvakadai setin-phosphor bronze strips, zinc-nickel alloy strips, uye phosphorus-deoxidized copper air-conditioning pipes.nzira dzekugadzira.
Kuipa kweiyo yakatwasuka inoenderera yekukandira yekugadzira nzira ndeiyi: akakodzera alloy marudzi ari nyore, kushandiswa kweiyo graphite zvinhu mu mold yemukati sleeve yakakura, uye kufanana kwekristaro chimiro chemuchinjikwa chikamu cheingot haisi. nyore kudzora.Chikamu chezasi cheingot chinoramba chichitonhorera nekuda kwekuita kwesimba, iyo iri pedyo nemadziro emukati emuumbi, uye zviyo zvakanyanyisa;chikamu chepamusoro chinokonzerwa nekuumbwa kwemapapiro emhepo uye kupisa kwakanyanya kunyunguduka, izvo zvinokonzera kupera mukusimba kweingot, iyo inoderedza kutonhora kwemhepo uye inoita ingot solidification hysteresis.Iyo crystalline chimiro chakakora, iyo inonyanya kuoneka kune yakakura-saizi ingots.Tichitarisa zvikanganiso zviri pamusoro, nzira yekukanda yakatwasuka ine billet iri kuvandudzwa.Imwe kambani yeGerman yakashandisa vertical bending inoenderera mberi caster kuyedza-kukanda (16-18) mm × 680 mm tin bronze mitsetse yakadai seDHP neCuSn6 nekumhanya kwe600 mm/min.

D. Kukwidza Kunoenderera Kuchikanda
Kukwira kumusoro kunoenderera mberi kukanda inyanzvi yekukanda iyo yakakurumidza kukura mumakore makumi maviri kusvika makumi matatu apfuura, uye inoshandiswa zvakanyanya mukugadzirwa kwemabheti ewaya kune tambo dzakajeka dzemhangura.Inoshandisa musimboti wevacuum suction casting uye inotora tekinoroji yekumisa-kudhonza kuti ione inoenderera yakawanda-yemusoro kukanda.Iine maitiro emidziyo yakapfava, mari shoma, kurasikirwa kwesimbi kushoma, uye kuderera kwemaitiro ekusvibisa kwezvakatipoteredza.Kukwidza kunoramba kuchikanda kunowanzo kwakakodzera kugadzirwa kwemhangura dzvuku uye isina oxygen-isina waya yemhangura mabhiriji.Kubudirira kutsva kwakagadzirwa mumakore achangopfuura ndiko kufarirwa kwayo uye kushandiswa muhombe-dhayamita chubhu blanks, brass uye cupronickel.Parizvino, chikwata chepamusoro chinoramba chichikanda chikwata chegore negore che5,000 t uye dhayamita inopfuura Φ100 mm yakagadzirwa;bhinari yakajairika ndarira uye zinc-white copper ternary alloy wire billets yakagadzirwa, uye goho remabheti ewaya rinogona kusvika kupfuura 90%.
E. Dzimwe Nzira dzekukanda
Iyo inoenderera mberi yekukanda billet tekinoroji iri pasi pekuvandudzwa.Iyo inokunda kukanganisa kwakadai se slub mamaki akaumbwa pamusoro pekunze kwebillet nekuda kwekumira-kudhonza nzira yekukwira kunoramba kuchikanda, uye iyo yepamusoro yemhando yakanakisa.Uye nekuda kwehunenge hwaro hwekusimbisa maitiro, chimiro chemukati chakanyanya kufanana uye chakachena, saka kuita kwechigadzirwa kuri nani zvakare.Iyo tekinoroji yekugadzira yemhando yebhandi inoenderera ichikanda mhangura waya billet yakashandiswa zvakanyanya mumitsetse mikuru yekugadzira pamusoro pematani matatu.Iyo mhiri-chikamu nzvimbo ye slab inowanzo pfuura 2000 mm2, uye inoteverwa neinoenderera mberi ichitenderedza chigayo chine yakakwirira kugadzirwa.
Electromagnetic casting yakaedzwa munyika yangu kutanga kuma1970, asi kugadzirwa kwemaindasitiri hakuna kuitika.Mumakore achangopfuura, tekinoroji yekukanda tekinoroji yakafambira mberi zvikuru.Parizvino, okisijeni-isina mhangura ingots ye Φ200 mm yakakandwa zvinobudirira neyakatsetseka.Panguva imwecheteyo, iyo inokurudzira yemunda wemagetsi pane yakanyunguduka inogona kukurudzira kupera uye kubviswa kwe slag, uye mhangura isina oxygen ine okisijeni inodzika isingasviki 0.001% inogona kuwanikwa.
Iyo inotungamira yeitsva yemhangura alloy yekukanda tekinoroji ndeyekuvandudza chimiro che mold kuburikidza neinotungamira kusimba, nekukurumidza kusimba, semi-yakasimba kuumba, electromagnetic inosimudzira, metamorphic kurapwa, otomatiki kudzora kwemvura level uye dzimwe nzira dzehunyanzvi zvinoenderana neiyo solidification theory., densification, kucheneswa, uye kuona kuenderera mberi kwekushanda uye pedyo-kuguma kuumba.
Nekufamba kwenguva, kukanda kwemhangura nemhangura alloys kuchave kugarisana kwehafu-inoenderera mberi yekukanda tekinoroji uye yakazara inoenderera tekinoroji yekukanda, uye chikamu chekushandisa cheinoenderera mberi yekukanda tekinoroji icharamba ichiwedzera.

Cold Rolling Technology

Zvinoenderana nekumisikidzwa kwemitsetse uye maitiro ekukunguruka, kutenderera kunotonhora kunokamurwa kuita kutumbuka, kukunguruka kwepakati uye kupeta kukunguruka.Maitiro ekutonhora achikungurutsa tambo yakakandwa nehupamhi hwe14 kusvika 16 mm uye inopisa yakakungurutswa billet ine ukobvu hwe5 kusvika 16 mm kusvika 2 kusvika 6 mm inodaidzwa kutumbuka, uye maitiro ekuramba achidzikisa ukobvu hwe chidimbu chinokungurutswa chinonzi intermediate rolling., iyo yekupedzisira inotonhora yekutenderedza kuti isangane nezvinodiwa zveyakapedzwa chigadzirwa inonzi finish rolling.

Iyo inotonhora yekutenderedza maitiro inoda kudzora iyo yekudzikisa sisitimu (yakazara yekugadzirisa chiyero, kupfuudza chiyero chekugadzirisa uye kupera kwechigadzirwa chekugadzirisa) zvichienderana neakasiyana alloys, kutenderera maratidziro uye kupedzwa kwekuita kwechigadzirwa zvinodiwa, zvine musoro sarudza uye gadzirisa roll chimiro, uye zvine musoro sarudza iyo lubrication. nzira uye lubricant.Tension kuyerwa uye kugadzirisa.

Cold rolling technology

Zvigayo zvinotonhora zvinotenderedza zvinowanzo shandisa mana-pamusoro kana akawanda-akakwira anotenderedza zvigayo.Zvigayo zvemazuva ano zvinotonhora zvinotenderedza zvinowanzo shandisa matekinoroji akadai se hydraulic yakanaka uye isina kunaka roll kupeta, otomatiki kudzora ukobvu, kudzvanywa uye kushushikana, axial kufamba kwemaromburu, segmental kutonhora kwemaromburu, otomatiki kudzora kwendiro chimiro, uye otomatiki kurongeka kwezvidimbu zvakakungurutswa. , kuitira kuti kurongeka kwemucheka kunogona kuvandudzwa.Kusvikira ku0.25±0.005 mm uye mukati me5I yeplate shape.

Mafambiro ekuvandudza tekinoroji inotonhora yekutenderedza inoratidzwa mukuvandudza uye kushandiswa kweakakwira-chaiyo akawanda-roll zvigayo, kumhanya kwepamusoro-soro, kwakanyatso kukora mutsetse uye kudzora chimiro, uye ebetsero tekinoroji senge kutonhodza, lubrication, coiling, centering uye kukurumidza roll. shanduko.kunatsiridza, etc.

Kugadzira Equipment-Bell Furnace

Production Equipment-Bell Furnace

Mabhero echirongo chebhero uye masimbi ekusimudza anowanzo shandiswa mukugadzira maindasitiri uye bvunzo dzekutyaira.Kazhinji, simba rakakura uye simba rekushandisa rakakura.Kune maindasitiri emaindasitiri, choto cheLuoyang Sigma chinosimudza choto ndeye ceramic fiber, ine yakanaka kuchengetedza simba, yakaderera simba rekushandisa, uye kushoma simba kushandiswa.Chengetedza magetsi uye nguva, iyo inobatsira kuwedzera kugadzirwa.

Makore makumi maviri neshanu apfuura, BRANDS yekuGermany nePhilips, kambani inotungamira muindasitiri yekugadzira ferrite, vakabatana vakagadzira muchina mutsva wekuisira.Kuvandudzwa kwemidziyo iyi kunopa kune zvakakosha zvinodiwa zveindasitiri yeferrite.Munguva iyi, iyo BRANDS Bell Furnace inoramba ichigadziridzwa.

Anoteerera kune zvinodiwa nemakambani ane mukurumbira pasi rose akadai sePhilips, Siemens, TDK, FDK, nezvimwewo, izvo zvinobatsirawo zvakanyanya kubva kumidziyo yemhando yepamusoro yeBRANDS.

Nekuda kwekugadzikana kwepamusoro kwezvigadzirwa zvinogadzirwa nemabhero emoto, mabhero emoto ave makambani epamusoro muindasitiri yekugadzira ferrite.Makore makumi maviri neshanu apfuura, honi yekutanga yakagadzirwa neBRANDS ichiri kugadzira zvigadzirwa zvemhando yepamusoro zvePhilips.

Chimiro chikuru chechoto che sintering chinopihwa nebell furnace ndiko kushanda kwayo kwakanyanya.Yayo yehungwaru yekudzora sisitimu uye mimwe michina inoumba yakakwana inoshanda unit, iyo inogona kuzadzisa zvizere zvinenge zvechizvino-zvino-zvinodiwa zveindasitiri yeferrite.

Bell jar virace vatengi vanogona kuronga uye kuchengetedza chero tembiricha / mamiriro ekunze anodiwa kugadzira zvigadzirwa zvemhando yepamusoro.Pamusoro pezvo, vatengi vanogona zvakare kugadzira chero zvimwe zvigadzirwa nenguva zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa chaizvo, nekudaro vachipfupisa nguva dzekutungamira uye kuderedza mitengo.Iyo sintering midziyo inofanirwa kuve yakanaka inogadzirika kugadzira akasiyana ezvigadzirwa zvakasiyana kuti zvirambe zvichienderana nezvinodiwa zvemusika.Izvi zvinoreva kuti zvigadzirwa zvinoenderana zvinofanirwa kugadzirwa zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa nemutengi wega.

Mugadziri akanaka weferrite anogona kugadzira anopfuura zviuru zana magineti akasiyana kuti asangane nezvinodiwa nevatengi.Izvi zvinoda kukwanisa kudzokorora sintering nehupamhi hwepamusoro.Bell jar choto masisitimu ave mavira akajairwa kune vese vanogadzira ferrite.

Muindasitiri yeferrite, mavira aya anonyanya kushandiswa kuderera kwesimba rekushandisa uye yakakwira μ kukosha ferrite, kunyanya muindasitiri yekutaurirana.Hazvibviri kubudisa macores emhando yepamusoro pasina bhero revira.

Iyo bhero choto inoda chete vashoma vanoshanda panguva sintering, kurodha uye kuburitsa zvinogona kupedzwa mukati mezuva, uye sintering inogona kupedzwa usiku, ichigonesa peak kuveura kwemagetsi, iyo inoshanda kwazvo mumamiriro ekushaikwa kwemagetsi nhasi.Bell jar mavira anogadzira zvigadzirwa zvemhando yepamusoro, uye ese ekuwedzera mari inodzoserwa nekukurumidza nekuda kwezvigadzirwa zvemhando yepamusoro.Tembiricha uye kudzora mamiriro ekunze, dhizaini yechoto uye kudzora kwemhepo mukati mechoto zvese zvakanyatsobatanidzwa kuve nechokwadi chekudziya kwechigadzirwa chakafanana uye kutonhora.Kudzora kwemhepo yekupisa panguva yekutonhodza kwakanangana nekushisa kwechoto uye kunogona kuvimbisa oksijeni yemukati ye0.005% kana kutodzika.Uye izvi zvinhu zvisingakwanisi kuitwa nevakwikwidzi vedu.

Nekuda kweiyo yakazara alphanumeric programming yekuisa sisitimu, kureba sintering maitiro anogona kudzokororwa zviri nyore, nekudaro kuve nechokwadi chemhando yechigadzirwa.Paunenge uchitengesa chigadzirwa, inoratidzawo kunaka kwechigadzirwa.

Kupisa Kurapa Technology

Heat treatment technology

Mashoma alloy ingots (mitsetse) ane yakanyanya dendrite segregation kana kukanda kushushikana, senge tin-phosphor bronze, inoda kupinda yakakosha homogenization annealing, iyo inowanzoitwa mubhero chirongo chevira.The homogenization annealing tembiricha kazhinji iri pakati pe600 ne750°C.
Parizvino, mazhinji epakati annealing (recrystallization annealing) uye akapedzisa annealing (annealing kudzora nyika uye kuita kwechigadzirwa) yemhangura alloy mitsetse inopenya yakanyudzwa nekudzivirira gasi.Mhando dzechoto dzinosanganisira bhero chirongo choto, choto chemhepo cushion, vertical traction furnace, etc. Oxidative annealing iri kupedzwa.

Mafambiro ekuvandudza tekinoroji yekurapa kupisa inoratidzwa mukupisa kutenderedza pa-line mhinduro kurapwa kwemvura-yakasimbiswa alloy zvinhu uye yakatevera deformation tekinoroji yekurapa kupisa, inoenderera inopenya annealing uye tension annealing mumhepo inodzivirira.

Quenching-Kuchembera kupisa kurapwa kunonyanya kushandiswa pakupisa-kusimbisa kusimba kwemhangura alloys.Kuburikidza nekurapa kwekupisa, chigadzirwa chinoshandura microstructure yayo uye inowana zvinodiwa zvakakosha zvinhu.Nekuvandudzwa kwepamusoro-simba uye high-conductivity alloys, quenching-aging heat treatment process ichanyanya kushandiswa.Midziyo yekurapa yekuchembera yakada kufanana nemidziyo yekuvharisa.

Extrusion Technology

Extrusion technology

Extrusion ndeye yakakura uye yepamusoro yemhangura nemhangura alloy pombi, tsvimbo, profil kugadzirwa uye billet yekugovera nzira.Nekuchinja kufa kana kushandisa nzira ye perforation extrusion, akasiyana alloy marudzi uye akasiyana-muchinjika-chikamu maumbirwo anogona kuburitswa zvakananga.Kuburikidza neextrusion, chimiro chakakandwa cheingot chinoshandurwa kuita chimiro chakagadziridzwa, uye iyo extruded chubhu billet uye bar billet ine yakakwirira dimensional kurongeka, uye chimiro chakanaka uye yunifomu.Iyo extrusion nzira inzira yekugadzira inowanzoshandiswa nepamba uye kunze kwemhangura pombi uye tsvimbo vanogadzira.

Copper alloy forging inonyanya kuitiswa nevagadziri vemichina munyika yangu, kunyanya kusanganisira yemahara yekugadzira uye kufa forging, senge magiya mahombe, honye magiya, makonye, ​​mota synchronizer giya mhete, nezvimwe.

Iyo extrusion nzira inogona kukamurwa kuita marudzi matatu: mberi extrusion, reverse extrusion uye yakakosha extrusion.Pakati pavo, kune akawanda maapplication epamberi extrusion, reverse extrusion inoshandiswa mukugadzirwa kwediki uye yepakati-saizi tsvimbo uye waya, uye yakakosha extrusion inoshandiswa mukugadzirwa kwakakosha.

Paunenge uchiwedzera, zvichienderana nehupfumi hweiyo alloy, zvinodiwa zvehunyanzvi zvezvigadzirwa zvakawedzerwa, uye kugona uye chimiro cheiyo extruder, mhando, saizi uye extrusion coefficient yeingot inofanirwa kusarudzwa zvine musoro, kuitira kuti dhigirii rekuchinja rive. kwete pasi pe85%.Iyo tembiricha yeextrusion uye yekumhanyisa kumhanya ndiyo yekutanga paramita ye extrusion process, uye inonzwisisika extrusion tembiricha renji inofanirwa kutariswa zvinoenderana neplasticity dhizaini uye chikamu dhayagiramu yesimbi.Kune alloys yemhangura nemhangura, tembiricha yeextrusion kazhinji iri pakati pe570 ne950 °C, uye tembiricha yeextrusion kubva kumhangura inotokwira kusvika 1000 kusvika 1050 °C.Kuenzaniswa neextrusion silinda yekudziya tembiricha ye400 kusvika 450 °C, musiyano wetembiricha pakati pezviviri izvi wakakwira.Kana iyo extrusion inokurumidza kunonoka, kutonhora kwepamusoro peingot kuchadonha nekukurumidza, zvichikonzera kuwedzera kwekusaenzana kwekuyerera kwesimbi, izvo zvinozoita kuti kuwedzerwa kwemutoro weextrusion, uye kunyange kukonzera chiitiko chinofinha. .Naizvozvo, mhangura nemhangura alloys anowanzo shandisa zvakati High-speed extrusion, iyo extrusion yekumhanyisa inogona kusvika kupfuura 50 mm/s.
Kana mhangura nemhangura alloys zvakasimudzwa, peeling extrusion inowanzoshandiswa kubvisa kuremara kweiyo ingot, uye hupamhi hwekuperera ndeye 1-2 m.Kuiswa chisimbiso kwemvura kunowanzo shandiswa pakubuda kweiyo extrusion billet, kuitira kuti chigadzirwa chigone kunyoroveswa mutangi remvura mushure meextrusion, uye pamusoro pechigadzirwa hachina oxidized, uye kunotevera kutonhora kugadzirisa kunogona kuitwa pasina pickling.Inowanzo shandisa hombe-tonnage extruder ine synchronous kutora-up mudziyo kuburitsa chubhu kana waya coils ine uremu humwe hunodarika 500 kg, kuitira kuti inyatso kunatsiridza kugadzirwa kwakanaka uye goho rakazara rekutevedzana kunotevera.Parizvino, kugadzirwa kwemhangura nemhangura alloy mapaipi anowanzo tora horizontal hydraulic forward extruders ine yakazvimirira perforation system (double-action) uye yakananga mafuta pombi kutapurirana, uye kugadzirwa kwemabhawa kunowanzo tora isina-yakazvimirira perforation system (imwe-chiito) uye pombi yemafuta yakananga kutapurirana.Horizontal hydraulic mberi kana reverse extruder.Iyo inowanzoshandiswa extruder tsanangudzo ndeye 8-50 MN, uye ikozvino inowanzogadzirwa nehombe-tonnage extruders pamusoro pe 40 MN kuti iwedzere huremu humwe chete hweingot, nokudaro kuvandudza kushanda kwekugadzira uye goho.

Mazuva ano horizontal hydraulic extruders yakashongedzerwa ne prestressed integral frame, extrusion barrel "X" giredhi nerutsigiro, yakavakirwa-mukati perforation system, perforation tsono yemukati kutonhora, inotsvedza kana inotenderera die seti uye nekukurumidza Die kushandura mudziyo, yakakwirira-simba inochinja mafuta pombi yakananga. dhiraivha, yakasanganiswa logic valve, PLC control uye humwe hunyanzvi hwepamberi, midziyo ine yakanyanya kurongeka, compact chimiro, kushanda kwakagadzikana, kuvharika kwakachengeteka, uye nyore kuona kutonga kwechirongwa.Kuenderera mberi extrusion (Conform) tekinoroji yakafambira mberi mukati memakore gumi apfuura, kunyanya pakugadzirwa kwemabhawa akasarudzika akadai sewaya dzemagetsi locomotive, izvo zvinovimbisa zvikuru.Mumakumi emakore achangopfuura, tekinoroji nyowani yeextrusion yakagadziridzwa nekukurumidza, uye maitiro ekuvandudza tekinoroji yeextrusion akaiswa sezvizvi: (1) Extrusion midziyo.Iyo extrusion simba reiyo extrusion press inokura munzira yakakura, uye extrusion press inopfuura 30MN ichava iyo huru muviri, uye otomatiki yeiyo extrusion press production line icharamba ichivandudza.Michina yemazuva ano yekuwedzeredza yakatora zvachose kutonga kwekombuta chirongwa uye programmable logic control, kuitira kuti kushanda zvakanaka kwekugadzira kugadziriswe zvakanyanya, vashandisi vanodzikiswa zvakanyanya, uye zvinokwanisika kuona otomatiki isina kurongwa kushanda kwemitsara yekugadzira extrusion.

Chimiro chemuviri che extruder zvakare chave chichivandudzwa uye chakakwana.Mumakore achangopfuura, mamwe mahorizontal extruders akatora prestressed furemu kuti ave nechokwadi chekugadzikana kwechimiro chese.Iyo extruder yemazuva ano inoziva nzira dzekumberi uye dzinodzosera kumashure.Iyo extruder inoshongedzerwa neaviri extrusion shafts (main extrusion shaft uye die shaft).Munguva ye extrusion, iyo extrusion cylinder inofamba neiyo huru shaft.Panguva ino, chigadzirwa chiri Iyo yekubuda kutungamira inopindirana nekufamba kweiyo huru shaft uye yakatarisana kune hama inofamba nzira yeanofa axis.Iyo yekufa base ye extruder zvakare inotora gadziriso yezviteshi zvakawanda, izvo zvisingangofambisi shanduko yekufa, asi zvakare inovandudza kugadzirwa kwakanaka.Mazuva ano extruders anoshandisa laser deviation adjustment control device, iyo inopa hunobudirira data pamusoro pemamiriro emutsetse we extrusion centre, iyo yakanakira kugadzirisa panguva uye nekukurumidza.Iyo yepamusoro-kudzvanywa pombi yakananga-drive hydraulic press uchishandisa mafuta sezvo svikiro rekushanda rakatsiva zvachose hydraulic press.Extrusion maturusi zvakare anogara achigadziridzwa nekuvandudzwa kweextrusion tekinoroji.Iyo yemukati yemvura inotonhorera yekubaya tsono yakasimudzirwa zvakanyanya, uye inochinja-chinja-chikamu kubaya nekumonereka tsono inonatsiridza zvakanyanya kuita kwekuzora.Ceramic molds uye alloy simbi molds ine hupenyu hwakareba uye yepamusoro yepamusoro mhando inonyanya kushandiswa.

Extrusion maturusi zvakare anogara achigadziridzwa nekuvandudzwa kweextrusion tekinoroji.Iyo yemukati yemvura inotonhorera yekubaya tsono yakasimudzirwa zvakanyanya, uye inochinja-chinja-chikamu kubaya nekumonereka tsono inonatsiridza zvakanyanya kuita kwekuzora.Iko kushandiswa kweceramic molds uye alloy simbi mold ine hupenyu hwakareba uye yepamusoro yepamusoro mhando inonyanya kufarirwa.(2) Extrusion kugadzira maitiro.Mhando uye zvirevo zvezvigadzirwa zve extruded zviri kuramba zvichiwedzera.The extrusion of small-section, ultra-high-precision tubes, rods, profiles and super-large profiles inovimbisa kuonekwa kwemhando yezvigadzirwa, inoderedza kukanganisa kwemukati wezvigadzirwa, inoderedza kurasikirwa kwejometri, uye inowedzera kukurudzira nzira dzeextrusion dzakadai sekushanda kweyunifomu ye extruded. zvigadzirwa.Mazuva ano reverse extrusion tekinoroji inoshandiswawo zvakanyanya.Kune simbi dziri nyore oxidized, mvura chisimbiso extrusion inogamuchirwa, iyo inogona kuderedza pickling kusvibiswa, kuderedza kurasikirwa kwesimbi, uye kugadzirisa pamusoro pemhando yezvigadzirwa.Kune zvigadzirwa zveextruded zvinoda kudzimwa, ingodzora tembiricha yakakodzera.Iyo mvura seal extrusion nzira inogona kuzadzisa chinangwa, zvinobudirira kupfupisa kutenderera kwekugadzira uye kuchengetedza simba.
Nekuenderera mberi kwekuvandudza kweextruder kugona uye tekinoroji yeextrusion, tekinoroji yemazuva ano yakashandiswa zvishoma nezvishoma, senge isothermal extrusion, kutonhora kufa extrusion, high-speed extrusion uye mamwe emberi extrusion matekinoroji, reverse extrusion, hydrostatic extrusion Iyo inoshanda yekushandisa yeinoenderera mberi extrusion tekinoroji. yekutsikirira uye Conform, kushandiswa kweupfu extrusion uye layered composite extrusion tekinoroji yeyakadzika tembiricha superconducting zvinhu, kuvandudzwa kwemaitiro matsva sesemi-solid metal extrusion uye multi-blank extrusion, kuvandudzwa kwezvikamu zvidiki zvakanyatsojeka Cold extrusion kugadzira tekinoroji, nezvimwewo, zvakave nekukasira kugadzirwa uye zvakakura kugadzirwa uye kushandiswa.

Spectrometer

Spectrometer

Spectroscope chiridzwa chesainzi chinoodza chiedza chine kuumbwa kwakaoma kuita mitsetse inoonekera.Chiedza chine mavara manomwe muchiedza chezuva ndicho chikamu icho ziso rakashama rinogona kusiyanisa (chiedza chinooneka), asi kana chiedza chezuva chikasvibiswa ne spectrometer uye chakarongeka maererano newavelength, chiedza chinooneka chinongotora zvishoma zvishoma mu spectrum, uye zvimwe zvose zviri. spectrums zvisingagoni kusiyaniswa nemaziso, senge infrared rays, microwaves , UV rays, X-rays, etc. Ruzivo rwemaziso runotorwa ne spectrometer, yakagadzirwa nefirimu yemifananidzo, kana kuratidzwa uye kuongororwa nekombiyuta yemagetsi otomatiki. chiridzwa chenhamba, kuti uone kuti ndezvipi zvinhu zviri muchinyorwa.Iyi tekinoroji inoshandiswa zvakanyanya mukuona kusvibiswa kwemhepo, kusvibiswa kwemvura, hutsanana hwechikafu, indasitiri yesimbi, nezvimwe.

Spectrometer, inozivikanwawo se spectrometer, inozivikanwa zvakanyanya seyakananga kuverenga spectrometer.Mudziyo unoyera kusimba kwemitsara yekuona pamawavelength akasiyana ane mafotodetectors akadai semachubhu ephotomultiplier.Iyo ine yekupinda slit, dispersive system, imaging system uye imwe kana akawanda ekubuda slits.Iyo electromagnetic radiation yeradiation sosi inopatsanurwa munzvimbo inodiwa yavelength kana wavelength nechinhu chinoparadzira, uye kusimba kunoyerwa pawavelength yakasarudzwa (kana kutarisisa rimwe bhendi).Kune marudzi maviri e monochromators uye polychromators.

Kuedza Instrument-Conductivity Meter

Testing instrument-conductivity meter

Iyo dhijitari inobatwa nemaoko simbi conductivity tester (conductivity mita) FD-101 inoshandisa musimboti wekuonekwa kweeddy ikozvino uye yakanyatso gadzirwa zvinoenderana nezvinodiwa zvekufambisa zveindasitiri yemagetsi.Inosangana nemiyero yekuyedza yeindasitiri yesimbi maererano nebasa uye nekururama.

1. Eddy yazvino conductivity mita FD-101 ine matatu akasiyana:

1) Iyo chete Chinese conductivity mita iyo yakapfuura kuongororwa kweInstitute of Aeronautical Materials;

2) Iyo chete Chinese conductivity mita inogona kusangana nezvinodiwa nemakambani eindasitiri yendege;

3) Iyo chete Chinese conductivity mita inotengeswa kune dzakawanda nyika.

2. Chigadzirwa basa sumo:

1) Yakakura yekuyera chiyero: 6.9% IACS-110% IACS (4.0MS/m-64MS/m), iyo inosangana neiyo conductivity test yezvose zvisiri zvesimbi.

2) Hungwaru calibration: nekukurumidza uye kwakaringana, kudzivirira zvachose zvikanganiso zvemanyorero ekugadzirisa.

3) Chiridzwa chine muripo wakanaka wekushisa: kuverenga kunodzoserwa otomatiki kune kukosha pa20 ° C, uye kururamisa hakukanganiswe nekukanganisa kwevanhu.

4) Kugadzikana kwakanaka: ndiko kurinda kwako pachako kwekutonga kwemhando.

5) Hunhu hungwaru software: Inounza iwe yakagadzika yekutarisa interface uye ine simba kugadzirisa data uye kuunganidza mabasa.

6) Kushanda kuri nyore: nzvimbo yekugadzira uye marabhoritari inogona kushandiswa kwese kwese, ichihwina kufarirwa nevazhinji vevashandisi.

7) Kuzvitsinhanisa kweprobes: Yese muenzi anogona kuve akashongedzerwa neakawanda probes, uye vashandisi vanogona kutsiva iwo chero nguva.

8) Kugadziriswa kwenhamba: 0.1%IACS (MS/m)

9) Iyo yekuyera interface panguva imwe chete inoratidza zviyero zvekuyera mumayuniti maviri e%IACS uye MS/m.

10) Iine basa rekubata data rekuyera.

Hardness Tester

Hardness Tester

Chiridzwa chinotora chakasiyana uye chakanyatso dhizaini mumakanika, optics uye mwenje sosi, izvo zvinoita kuti indentation imaging ijeke uye kuyerwa kwacho kwakanyanya.Ose ari maviri 20x uye 40x chinangwa lenzi anogona kutora chikamu mukuyerwa, zvichiita kuti kuyerwa kwechiyero kuve hukuru uye application kuwanda.Chiridzwa chacho chine microscope yekuyera dhijitari, inogona kuratidza nzira yekuyedza, simba rekuyedza, kureba kwemukati, kuomarara kukosha, simba rekuyedza kubata nguva, nguva dzekuyerwa, nezvimwewo pachiratidziro chemvura, uye ine tambo ine tambo inokwanisa kubatana. kune dhijitari kamera uye CCD kamera.Iine humwe humiriri mune zvigadzirwa zvemusoro wemba.

Kuedza Instrument-Resistivity Detector

Testing instrument-resistivity detector

Iyo simbi wire resistivity yekuyera chiridzwa ndeye yakakwirira-inoshanda yekuyedza ma paramita akadai sewaya, bhaa resistivity uye magetsi conductivity.Kuita kwayo kunoenderana zvizere nezvinodiwa zvehunyanzvi zvinodiwa muGB/T3048.2 uye GB/T3048.4.Inoshandiswa zvakanyanya musimbi, simba remagetsi, waya uye tambo, midziyo yemagetsi, makoreji nemayunivhesiti, sainzi tsvakurudzo zvikamu uye mamwe maindasitiri.

Zvikuru zvechiridzwa:
(1) Inobatanidza tekinoroji yepamusoro yemagetsi, single-chip tekinoroji uye otomatiki yekuona tekinoroji, ine yakasimba automation basa uye nyore kushanda;
(2) Ingo dzvanya kiyi kamwe chete, ese akayerwa kukosha anogona kuwanikwa pasina chero kuverenga, akakodzera kuenderera, nekukurumidza uye kuona kwakaringana;
(3) Battery-powered dhizaini, saizi diki, nyore kutakura, yakakodzera kushandiswa mumunda uye mumunda;
(4) Chidzitiro chakakura, font hombe, inogona kuratidza resistivity, conductivity, kuramba uye humwe huyero hwakayerwa uye tembiricha, bvunzo ikozvino, tembiricha muripo coefficient uye mamwe ebetsero paramita panguva imwe chete, intuitive kwazvo;
(5) Muchina mumwe une zvakawanda-zvinangwa, une 3 mipimo yekuyera, inova conductor resistivity uye conductivity kupima interface, tambo yakazara parameter kuyerwa interface, uye tambo DC kuramba kuyera interface (TX-300B mhando);
(6) Chiyero chega chega chine mabasa ekusarudza otomatiki yeanogara aripo, otomatiki ikozvino commutation, otomatiki zero point kururamisa, uye otomatiki tembiricha muripo kururamisa kuti ive nechokwadi chechokwadi chechiyero chechiyero;
(7) Iyo yakasarudzika inotakurika ina-terminal bvunzo yekumisikidza inokodzera kuyerwa nekukurumidza kwezvinhu zvakasiyana uye akasiyana zvirevo zvewaya kana mabara;
(8) Yakavakirwa-mukati data ndangariro, iyo inogona kurekodha uye kuchengetedza 1000 seti yekuyerwa data uye kuyerwa paramita, uye kubatanidza kune yepamusoro komputa kuti ibudise mushumo wakazara.